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Cop accused of sex crimes against human trafficking victims

Officer was investigating an Eastern European gang that brought women to Israel for prostitution; is suspended from force

A police officer was arrested Wednesday after he was found to have had ...

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Italian parents under house arrest for forcing 9-year-old into prostitution

The parents of a nine-year-old girl have been placed under house arrest for forcing their daughter into prostitution, police in the southern Italian region of Sicily said on Monday.

Two men aged 63 ...

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Let Europe face up to human trafficking in 2018

Europe’s reception of children seeking refuge is particularly shameful

Last year came to an end with horrific images of slave labour markets in Libya, and a further UN Security Council resolution ...

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Big hit against sexual exploitation: criminal group dismantled in Spain and Romania

Spanish National Police and the Romanian Police have joined forces, supported by Europol and Eurojust, to dismantle an organised crime group involved in trafficking women for sexual exploitation in ...

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Safeguarding victims of human trafficking and smuggling priority for international experts

DOHA, Qatar – International experts in human trafficking and migrant smuggling are calling for expanded cross-sector involvement in order to protect the world’s most vulnerable from the exploitation ...

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INTERPOL-led operation rescues 500 victims of human trafficking, leads to 40 arrests

COTONOU, Benin – Nearly 500 victims of human trafficking, including 236 minors, have been rescued following an INTERPOL operation carried out simultaneously across Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger and ...

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Regional workshop

Within the regional project of the regional justice sector entitled "Strengthening Criminal Law Institutions and the Rule of Law in Central and Eastern Europe", in the period from 24th-26th October, ...

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European Resource Center

Other terms

AUTHORIZED ORGANIZATION

implies registered associations or foundations (non-governmental organizations) with capacity for protection and providing assistance to victims and victims/witnesses, organizations which signed protocol on cooperation in activities related to combating trafficking in human beings with competent institutions.

COMPETENT AUTHORITIES

is any person or organization that has the legally delegated or invested authority, capacity, or power to perform a designated function.

DISCRIMINATION

is any differentiation or unequal treatment, that is, default (exclusion, restriction or giving priority) in relation to persons or groups and as well to their family members or related persons, in an open or concealed manner because of race, skin color, national or ethnic origin and affiliation, language, religious or political affiliation, gender, sexual orientation, property, birth, health status, marital status and other personal characteristics.

EXPLOITATION

implies forced prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or servies or military services, slavery orpractices similar to slavery, serving or removal of organs.

GENDER DISCRIMINATION

implies every exclusion, restriction or unequal treatment based on gender. It includes all forms of behavior or prejudices directed on denial of the rights based on gender.

GENDER EQUALITY

is achieved when women and men enjoy the same rights and opportunities across all sectors of society, including economic participation and decision-making, and when the different behaviours, aspirations and needs of women and men are equally valued and favored.

GENDER INEQUALITY

refers to unequal treatment or perceptions of individuals based on their gender. It arises from differences in socially constructed gender roles.

GENDER REQUIRES

us to ensure that health policy, programs, services and delivery models are responsive to the needs of women, men, girls and boys in all their diversity.

LABOUR EXPLOITATION

For the purpose of person’s exploitation in the production of goods or provision of services by violating labour standards that determine the working conditions, wages, health and safety conditions, and there was a use of coercion, force or threat, including abduction, or there was a use of a deception or fraud, or there was the abuse of power, influence, or situation of need, or if there is another form of abuse.

LICENSED ORGANISATIONS

mean registered associations or foundations (non-governmental organizations) having capacities for protection and provision of assistance to the victims and the witnesses-victims and that has signed protocols with the competent institutions in BiH.

MIGRATION

is movement of a person or a group of persons, either across an international border, or within a State. It is a population movement, encompassing any kind of movement of people, whatever its length, composition and causes; it includes migration of refugees, displaced persons, economic migrants, and persons moving for other purposes, including family reunification.

MINOR/CHILD

shall mean any person under eighteen years of age.

ORGANIZED PROSTITUTION

In wider sense, it means any form of prostitution in which, besides the prostitute and the client, there are one or more intermediaries.

PEOPLE SMUGGLING

(also called human smuggling, and migrant smuggling ) includes actions, in order to obtain, directly or indirectly, a financial or other material benefit, of the illegal entry of a person into a state party of which the person is not a national and/or has no residence in it. Generally, the while smuggling does not imply a violation of human rights, the use of coercion, abuse and exploitation of another’s state of need (but owes its existence to the state of need of that person, and the absence of other possibilities for that person to enter into a state party of which the person is not a national and/or has no residence in it), nor the exploitation of the person – the passive entity. However, from the standpoint of the country of origin smuggling implies illegal departure from the state, and illegal entry into this state, from the standpoint of the destination country.

PREJUDICE

is an affective feeling toward a person or group member based solely on their group membership. The word is often used to refer to preconceived, usually unfavorable, feelings toward people or a person because of their gender, beliefs, values, social class, age (…).

PROSTITUTION

Modern theory claims that there are some basic elements needed in order to treat a sexual activity as prostitution. Those elements are sex act commercialization (sexual activity is done in exchange for money or other type of benefit), promiscuity, and emotional indifference for the partner, or better say for the sexual activity.

RECRUITMENT

in the field of trafficking in human beings includes different types of fraud, deception, lies and/or distortion of facts in the purpose of convince of person – woman, child, and/or man to accept an offered, i.e. misrepresentation of living conditions and/or work in domestic country or abroad.

REHABILITATION

implies measures taken in the aim of recovery and inclusion of rehabilitated person in daily lifecycle.

REINTEGRATION

may be understood as subsequent rebuilding or supplementing something that was important or missing in an individual or a social group, and was decisive for occurrence of unwanted manifestation, in this case trafficking of the victims. Understood as such, reintegration represents a comprehensive process dedicated to elimination of trafficking causes. Causing changes in a personality of an individual, his or her family and in local community is a main precondition for successful reintegration. If changes are caused at only one level, for example, personal, without being accompanied by changes at other levels, it is more likely that the victims will be again in danger rather than fully reintegrated. This is the most significant difference between re socialization and reintegration. While re-socialization insists on relevant changes at all levels of the individuals, reintegration implies necessity of changes at all levels.

REPATRIATION

implies the process of returning the foreign victims of human trafficking into the country of origin.

REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH

implies that people are able to have a responsible, satisfying and safe sex life and that they have the capability to reproduce and the freedom to decide if, when and how often to do so.

RE-SOCIALIZATION

is most broadly used and in its most general sense means return of the victims to the community and their ability to live socially harmonized life and to perform social activities normally and successfully. It is implied either that an individual socialization has not been successfully completed during personal development and maturity or that successfully socialized persons have displayed unadapted behavior because of various adverse factors. Therefore, there is a need for their subsequent re-socialization.

RIGHTS OF VICTIMS OF TRAFFICKING IN HUMAN BEINGS

are adequate and safe accommodation, health protection, informing on legal position and counseling in segment of her/his rights and obligations in language that victim understand; legal aid during criminal and other procedures in which victims achieves rights; information on possibilities and procedure of repatriation; different types of trainings depending on financial possibilities; and information on the way of access to diplomatic-consular offices.

SELF-IDENTIFICATION

implies situation in which adult explains forms of exploitation to which she/he was exposed during specified time based on which authorized officer or authorized person will assess whether person is potential victims of trafficking in human beings.

SEXUAL VIOLENCE

is a serious public health and human rights problem with both short- and long-term consequences on women's physical, mental, and sexual and reproductive health. Whether sexual violence occurs in the context of an intimate partnership, within the larger family or community structure, or during times of conflict, it is a deeply violating and painful experience for the survivor.

SLAVERY

The 1926 Slavery Convention or the Convention to Suppress the Slave Trade and Slavery, an international treaty created under the auspices of the League of Nations, in Article 1, defines slavery as “the status or condition of a person over whom any or all of the powers attaching to the right of ownership are exercised”

SLAVE TRADE

The 1926 Slavery Convention or the Convention to Suppress the Slave Trade and Slavery, in Article 1, item 2, defines the slave trade to include “all acts involved in the capture, acquisition or disposal of a person with intent to reduce him to slavery; all acts involved in the acquisition of a slave with a view to selling or exchanging him; all acts of disposal by sale or exchange of a slave acquired with a view to being sold or exchanged, and, in general, every act of trade or transport in slaves.” Therefore, according to this Convention, the slave trade not only encompass all acts of trafficking in slaves but also the acts of recruitment of persons with intent to reduce them to slavery, along with activities of transportation of the enslaved.

SMUGGLING

People smuggling (also called human smuggling, and migrant smuggling ) includes actions, in order to obtain, directly or indirectly, a financial or other material benefit, of the illegal entry of a person into a state party of which the person is not a national and/or has no residence in it. Generally, the while smuggling does not imply a violation of human rights, the use of coercion, abuse and exploitation of another’s state of need (but owes its existence to the state of need of that person, and the absence of other possibilities for that person to enter into a state party of which the person is not a national and/or has no residence in it), nor the exploitation of the person–the passive entity. However, from the standpoint of the country of origin smuggling implies illegal departure from the state, and illegal entry into this state, from the standpoint of the destination country.

SOCIAL REHABILITATION

represents a special form of tertiary prevention. It implies the measures taken to involve medically and professionally rehabilitated persons into daily life.

SPECIAL TREATMENT OF THE CHILD

implies enabling accommodation on safe place, respecting the opinion of the child on confidentiality and discretion, right on information, efficient leading of the procedure, i.e. assessment of individual case, as well as finding and application of lasting solution.

STEREOTYPE

is a thought that can be adopted about specific types of individuals or certain ways of doing things. These thoughts or beliefs may or may not accurately reflect reality.

TRAFFICKING IN HUMAN BEINGS

shall mean the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs.

THE TRAFFICKER

Is a person who intends to exploit or gain profit or benefits by exploitation of trafficking victims.

VICTIM OF TRAFFICKING

Can be defined as a person who is exploited by the trafficker. The victim is a passive subject to a criminal act, meaning the trafficking in persons, as it is defined by Article 3 of the Palermo Protocol. Criminal and criminal-procedure legislative in BiH does not determine concept of „victim“ but only the term “aggrieved party”, which is defined as “ a person whose personal or property rights have been denied or infringed by another party’s criminal act“. On the other hand, the Declaration of Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power defines victims as “persons who, individually or collectively, have suffered harm, including physical or mental injury, emotional suffering, economic loss or substantial impairment of their fundamental rights, through acts or omissions that are in violation of criminal laws operative within Member States, including those laws proscribing criminal abuse of power. The term “victim” under this Declaration may where appropriate also includes the immediate family or dependants of the direct victim and persons who have suffered harm in intervening to assist victims in distress or to prevent victimization.

WITNESS

is someone who has, who claims to have, or is thought, by someone with authority to compel testimony, to have knowledge relevant to an event or other matter of interest.

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