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European Resource Center

More than 3,000 people are trafficked into the UK every year, with the majority coming from Albania. Reeta Chakrabarti has spoken to some of the victims.

(Click on image to watch video)

Today, 16 of February, 2017, Emmaus Europe collective held a meeting in Paris, on  the topic of migration and trafficking in human beings issue.

Emmaus International's blog about migration and the discussion about the use of this digital tool and its impact was presented to the Emmaus collective.

One of the topics of the discussion was the awareness raising and way of adressing the scourge of human trafficking. Amela Efendic, head of IFS-EMMAUS office in Sarajevo, and manager of the European Resource Center (EURC) presented the activities of the EURC, which will promote the work of Emmaus movement in the area of migrations and prevention of trafficking in human beings.

January is National Slavery and Human Trafficking Prevention Month, a time when “we resolve to shine a light on every dark corner where human trafficking still threatens the basic rights and freedoms of others.”

Here are five facts you should know about modern-day slavery:

  1. Human trafficking, also referred to as trafficking in persons or modern slavery, describes the act of recruiting, harboring, transporting, providing, or obtaining a person for compelled labor or commercial sex acts through the use of force, fraud, or coercion. There are more slaves today than were seized from Africa in four centuries of the trans-Atlantic slave trade. In fact, there are more slaves in the world today than at any other point in human history, with an estimated 21 million in bondage across the globe.
  2. For most of human history slaves were expensive, the average cost being around the equivalent of $40,000. Today, the average slave costs around $90. A 2003 study in the Netherlands found that, on average, a single sex slave earned her pimp at least $250,000 a year. Trafficking in persons is estimated to be one of the top-grossing criminal industries in the world (behind illegal drugs and arms trafficking), with traffickers profiting an estimated $32 billion every year.
  3. Human trafficking disproportionately affects communities of color. Including here in the United States, the U.S. Department of Labor estimates that over 77 percent of trafficking victims in the United States are people of color. According to a report by the FBI, confirmed sex trafficking victims were more likely to be white (26 percent) or black (40 percent), compared to labor trafficking victims, who were more likely to be Hispanic (63 percent) or Asian (17 percent). Four-fifths of victims in confirmed sex trafficking incidents were identified as U.S. citizens (83 percent), while most confirmed labor trafficking victims were identified as undocumented aliens (67 percent) or qualified aliens (28 percent).
  4. Traffic of children in Asia assumes a more significant proportion of overall trafficking than in other regions of the world. Younger children are found in the sex industry as customers seek to avoid AIDS, and much Asian sex tourism features children and minors of both sexes. In India, children are maimed to be more effective beggars. In China, babies are trafficked for adoptions abroad, with boys commanding more than girls. In Sri Lanka, Myanmar, and the Philippines, children are trafficked as child soldiers.
  5. Most trafficking in teens is for sex slavery. The average age a teen enters the sex trade in the U.S. is 12 to 14-year-old. According to Shared Hope International, children exploited through prostitution report they typically are given a quota by their trafficker/pimp of 10 to 15 buyers per night, though some service providers report girls having been sold to as many as 45 buyers in a night at peak demand times, such as during a sports event or convention. Utilizing a conservative estimate, a domestic minor sex trafficking victim who is rented for sex acts with five different men per night, for five nights per week, for an average of five years, would be raped by 6,000 buyers during the course of her victimization through prostitution.


On 22 January 2007, Abbé Pierre, the founder of the Emmaus Movement, left us “to go on a long journey”, as he used to say. A decade has passed since his death and the date represents a chance to showcase Abbé Pierre’s spiritual legacy, which is alive and well in the Emmaus groups, while continuing to champion social justice and solidarity on all fronts and in all areas.

A large number of events are planned throughout Europe, particularly in France, where the Emmaus Movement was founded. Emmaus France is organizing an event on 22 January 2017 in Paris with the aim being to convey the Emmaus Movement’s values and champion its campaigns. The day will kick off with a civil society meeting attended by economists, sociologists and non-profits.  A massive campaigning and celebratory event will be held in the afternoon with lots of surprises (including a soup kitchen run by the Michelin-starred chef Thierry Marx, flashmob, campaign march, Article 13 themed event, workshops and brass bands). The day will also mark the start of a year packed with events and campaigns to continue Abbé Pierre’s work to create a more humane and fairer world.

Download the programme (in French)

On 13th and 14th December 2016 in Sarajevo, Hotel „Hills“, was held two-day manifestation organized by Unicef and European Union entitled „Do not neglect anyone – Integration of children's rights in programmes of development cooperation“ regarding launching regional Project “Protecting children from violence and promoting social inclusion of children with disabilities” and the technical workshop on Child Right’s Toolkit, within which International Forum of Solidarity – EMMAUS (IFS-EMMAUS) is included in the Project as partner of Unicef in realization of activities on the prevention of violence against children. During manifestation it was discussed how to help social threatened categories, children with disabilities in learning, physical disabled children, children from minority groups, children who are victims of violencce, through development strategies and intersectoral coordination in regional projects.

International Forum of Solidarity – EMMAUS (IFS-EMMAUS) on the event presented Ms. Ajla Omerbegović.

On 14th and 15th December 2016 in Hotel „Bristol“, Sarajevo, is being held Workshop entitled „Detecting, collecting and processing information regarding criminal offence Trafficking in Human Beings“, organized by Ministry of Security of Bosnia and Herzegovinay in cooperation with Technical Assistance and Information Exchange instrument of the European Commission (TAIEX).

Focus of the Workshop is detecting of criminal offences trafficking in human beings, collecting and processing information. Also, the Workshop is focused on protection of potential victims of trafficking in human beings in the phase of investigation and other relevant activities that may led to increased number indictments regarding to this type of criminal.

During the Workshop, participants will have an opportunity to present their problems that are faced in practice, as well as exchanging experiences with participants. Also, during direct contact of participants, there will be an opportunity for eventually new forms of cooperation.

International Forum of Solidarity – EMMAUS (IFS-EMMAUS) on the Workshop will present Mrs. Amela Efendić.

Every year thousands of people around the world become victims of trafficking in human beings, and state and government are the main instances responsible for prevention and suppression of this crime and for the protection of persons who have experienced trafficking. Civil society organizations play an important role in the prevention of this crime, and protection of the victims, but also in encouraging their state and government to meet the standards that they have committed to, as well as monitoring whether they do so. Although Bosnia and Herzegovina is planning and organizing activities in the fight against trafficking in human beings for more than 15 years, especially towards the harmonization of the legal framework with international conventions, and in collaboration with civil society organizations has taken significant steps to combat this phenomenon, in recent years the number of trafficking victims who are citizens, especially minors who are victims of labor exploitation and forced begging, has been increased.

In order to provide an independent and objective assessment of further development and improvement of the national response to the problem of human trafficking, International Forum of Solidarity - EMMAUS (IFS-EMMAUS), a non-governmental organization with its long-term action and innovative activities in the field of combating and preventing trafficking in human beings, has published "Monitoring and Evaluation of Anti-trafficking Policies: A handbook for victims’ advocates", which was developed in the framework of the regional project Balkans ACT Now!, with the support of the European Union. The aim of the handbook is to present a comprehensive and detailed indicators that allow monitoring - permanent or temporary – of national anti-trafficking policies, with an emphasis on policies for the protection of victims; and can be applied in the countries of origin and the destination countries of victims. The manual has been prepared in cooperation and with the support of the BiH Ministry of Security/Department for Combating Trafficking in Human Beings, the Association of Prosecutors of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Criminal Policy Research Center.

Also, based on the developed Handbook, IFS-EMMAUS has prepared and published a "Report on Trafficking in Human Beings in 2015 in Bosnia and Herzegovina". This report was prepared by representatives of the academic community, as well as professionals with extensive practical experience in the fight against trafficking in human beings and protection of victims of trafficking in human beings in BiH. The report presents the main findings of researchers in the process of monitoring, and recommendations for further actions are defined: the process of identifying victims of exploitation is to be improved, especially in the case of pre-arranged and forced marriages and begging; judges and prosecutors should apply the approach that will be oriented towards the rights of victims so they would not be subjected to repeated trauma and to enable compensation to them; the need for a free and effective legal assistance has also been noted; authorities should continue to take measures in order to conduct investigations and prosecute suspects.

Publications "Monitoring and Evaluation of Anti-trafficking Policies: A handbook for victims’ advocates" and "Report on Trafficking in Human Beings in 2015 in Bosnia and Herzegovina" are available to the general public, professionals and all interested individuals in printed and electronic form, in the European Resource Center for the Prevention of Trafficking in Human Beings and other Forms of Exploitation, which is administrated by IFS-EMMAUS, as well as on the web sites, and

In Europe, October 18th marks the day of the fight against human trafficking. Bosnia and Herzegovina as well as many countries in the world, is recognized as a country of origin, transit and destination of human trafficking victims.

Ministry of Security of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Department for Combating Trafficking in Human Beings, in accordance with the Action Plan to counteract human trafficking 2016 - 2019 and the Programme of celebrating important dates related to human rights in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and this year will undertake a series of activities and events related to marking October 18th , the European day against Human trafficking, and which should draw attention to the problems we face in combating trafficking in connection with the resolution of the difficult position of human trafficking victims.

In order to implement the planned activities and based on its positive experience in the celebration of this important date participants are representatives of the Association "New Generation" from Banja Luka, the Association "New Road" from Mostar, Association "Land of Children in BiH" in Tuzla, the International Forum Solidarity - EMMAUS, the Association "Medica" Zenica, the Association for the promotion of education for Roma "Otaharin" from Bijeljina, the Foundation "Lara" from Bijeljina, women's Association "Maja" from Kravica, women's Association "Most" from Visegrad, the Association of women "Goraždanke "Gorazde, Association" woman BiH "Mostar, Center for legal assistance for women Zenica, Association of Roma women" Better future "from Tuzla, NGO" future "from Modrica, the Association of women" Derventa "from Derventa and the Foundation" United women "Banja Luka.

International Forum of Solidarity-Emmaus (IFS-EMMAUS), through its many years of operation and innovative activities in the field of combating and preventing trafficking in human beings, and building the capacity of professionals and raising public awareness, helps fighting the state against this phenomenon. In recent years it has been observed that the number of trafficking victims who are citizens, especially minors who are victims of labor exploitation and forced begging, has grown. This is why IFS-EMMAUS  created a mobile application "BAN Human Trafficking" which has a goal to educate the general public, especially young people, about the problem of human trafficking and prevention of this type of crime in the context of the regional project "Balkans ACT (Against Crime of Trafficking) Now! ", supported by the European Union.

Through interactive game and quiz users will be familiar with the various forms of human trafficking. Acquainted with potential dangers, users will be able to recognize similar situations in real life, and so will be able to protect themselves and the people they know. Also, a better understanding of the experiences of victims of trafficking should contribute to reducing discrimination and improving the situation of victims.

IFS-EMMAUS, in cooperation with partner organizations and institutions, will implement educational activities in primary and secondary schools in different cities in BiH, for school children, their parents and teachers. During the educational activities in schools, students, with the help of professors of computer sciences, will be able to learn about the functions of BAN mobile applications, and to try to use the same.

Also, this year, IFS-EMMAUS participates in the campaign "Justice at last" which the European Day Against Human Trafficking, civil society organizations from all over Europe gathered around the problem of human trafficking, calling on all European governments to implement the ten action points (attached), in order to provide access to the right to compensation to trafficking victims and to remove all obstacles that prevent victims in the exercise of that right.


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